Dirty Dozen/Clean 15/Seafood Watch

  • Environmental Working Group

    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

    EWG’s 2013 Shopper’s Guide to Pesticides in Produce™

    Eat fruits and vegetables!

    The health benefits of a diet rich in fruits and vegetables outweigh the risks of pesticide exposure. Use EWG’s Shopper’s Guide to Pesticides™ to reduce your exposures as much as possible, but eating conventionally-grown produce is far better than not eating fruits and vegetables at all. The Shopper’s Guide to Pesticides in Produce™ will help you determine which fruits and vegetables have the most pesticide residues and are the most important to buy organic. You can lower your pesticide intake by avoiding the 12 most contaminated fruits and vegetables and choosing the least contaminated produce.

    For the second year, we have expanded the Dirty Dozen™ with a Plus category to highlight two crops – domestically-grown summer squash and leafy greens, specifically kale and collards. These crops did not meet traditional Dirty Dozen™ criteria but were commonly contaminated with pesticides exceptionally toxic to the nervous system.

    Though the Environmental Protection Agency has been restricting the uses of the most toxic pesticides, they are still detected on some foods. For example, green beans were on last year’s Plus list because they were often contaminated with two highly toxic organophosphates. Those pesticides are being withdrawn from agriculture. But leafy greens still show residues of organophosphates and other risky pesticides. That’s why they are on the Plus list for 2013.

    Tests in 2008 found that some domestically-grown summer squash – zucchini and yellow crookneck squash — contained residues of harmful organochlorine pesticides that were phased out of agriculture in the 1970s and 1980s but that linger on some farm fields.

    Genetically modified plants, or GMOs, are not often found in the produce section of grocery stores. Field corn, nearly all of which is produced with genetically modified seeds, is used to make tortillas, chips, corn syrup, animal feed and biofuels. Because it is not sold as a fresh vegetable, it is not included in EWG’s Shopper’s Guide to Pesticides in Produce. Nor is soy, another heavily GMO crop that makes its way into processed food.

    The genetically modified crops likely to be found in produce aisles of American supermarkets are zucchini, Hawaiian papaya and some varieties of sweet corn. Most Hawaiian papaya is a GMO. Only a small fraction of zucchini and sweet corn are GMO. Since U.S. law does not require labeling of GMO produce, EWG advises people who want to avoid it to purchase the organically-grown versions of these items.

    DIRTY DOZEN PLUSTM

    EWG's Clean 15 and Dirty Dozen Plus Lists

    Apples

     

    EWG's Clean 15 and Dirty Dozen Plus Lists

    Celery

     

    EWG's Clean 15 and Dirty Dozen Plus Lists

    Cherry tomatoes

     

    EWG's Clean 15 and Dirty Dozen Plus Lists

    Cucumbers

     

    EWG's Clean 15 and Dirty Dozen Plus Lists

    Grapes

     

    EWG's Clean 15 and Dirty Dozen Plus Lists

    Hot peppers

     

    EWG's Clean 15 and Dirty Dozen Plus Lists

    Nectarines – imported

     

    EWG's Clean 15 and Dirty Dozen Plus Lists

    Peaches

     

    EWG's Clean 15 and Dirty Dozen Plus Lists

    Potatoes

     

    EWG's Clean 15 and Dirty Dozen Plus Lists

    Spinach

     

    EWG's Clean 15 and Dirty Dozen Plus Lists

    Strawberries

     

    EWG's Clean 15 and Dirty Dozen Plus Lists

    Sweet bell peppers

     

    EWG's Clean 15 and Dirty Dozen Plus Lists

    Kale / collard greens +

     

    EWG's Clean 15 and Dirty Dozen Plus Lists

    Summer squash +

     

    CLEAN FIFTEENTM

    EWG's Clean 15 and Dirty Dozen Plus Lists

    Asparagus

     

    EWG's Clean 15 and Dirty Dozen Plus Lists

    Avocados

     

    EWG's Clean 15 and Dirty Dozen Plus Lists

    Cabbage

     

    EWG's Clean 15 and Dirty Dozen Plus Lists

    Cantaloupe

     

    EWG's Clean 15 and Dirty Dozen Plus Lists

    Sweet Corn

     

    EWG's Clean 15 and Dirty Dozen Plus Lists

    Eggplant

     

    EWG's Clean 15 and Dirty Dozen Plus Lists

    Grapefruit

     

    EWG's Clean 15 and Dirty Dozen Plus Lists

    Kiwi

     

    EWG's Clean 15 and Dirty Dozen Plus Lists

    Mangos

     

    EWG's Clean 15 and Dirty Dozen Plus Lists

    Mushrooms

     

    EWG's Clean 15 and Dirty Dozen Plus Lists

    Onions

     

    EWG's Clean 15 and Dirty Dozen Plus Lists

    Papayas

     

    EWG's Clean 15 and Dirty Dozen Plus Lists

    Pineapples

     

    EWG's Clean 15 and Dirty Dozen Plus Lists

    Sweet peas – frozen

     

    EWG's Clean 15 and Dirty Dozen Plus Lists

    Sweet potatoes

     

    HELPFUL VIDEOS

    Watch Video
    Harvard professor Chensheng (Alex) Lu explains why people should avoid pesticides.
    Watch Video
    Dr. Sanjay Gupta tours a grocery store to show us which foods have the highest levels of pesticide residue.

    CONNECT WITH EWG

    Facebook
    Twitter
    YouTube
    Pinterest
    Other organic foods worth considering:
  • Beef
  • Dairy-milk, cheese, cream
  • Poultry

Seafood

Your Choices Matter

Take Action

Stay Connected

Worldwide, the demand
for seafood is increasing; yet many of the fish we enjoy are in trouble due to overfishing or destructive fishing and farming practices.

Support ocean-friendly seafood in three easy steps:

• Visit seafoodwatch.org • Download our free app • Join us on Facebook

Monterey Bay Aquarium

Purchase fish caught or farmed using environmen- tally responsible practices to support healthy, abundant oceans.

2. BUY: From our Best Choices list. If not available, choose from the Good Alternatives list.

1. ASK: “Do you sell sustain- able seafood?” Let businesses know this is important to you.

and Twitter

Seafood

3. LOOK: For the Marine Stewardship Councilblueeco- label in stores and restaurants.

CHINOOK SALMON

Updated July 2013

The seafood recommendations in this guide are credited to the Monterey Bay Aquarium Foundation ©201 3. All rights reserved. Printed on recycled paper.

Monterey Bay Aquarium

West Coast Consumer Guide Fall/Winter 2013

WATCH

®

page1image16608

Monterey Bay Aquarium Seafood Watch

®®

The Monterey Bay Aquarium Seafood Watch program creates science-based recommendations that help consumers and businesses make ocean-friendly seafood choices. Carry this pocket guide with you and share it with others to help spread the word.

BEST CHOICES

Abalone
Arctic Char (farmed)
Bass: Striped (US hook & line, farmed) Catfish (US)
Clams, Mussels, Oysters
Cod: Pacific (US)
Crab: Dungeness
Halibut: Pacific (US)
Lobster: Spiny (CA, FL & Mexico) Rockfish: Black (US hook & line) Sablefish/Black Cod (AK & Canada) Salmon (AK)
Sardines: Pacific (Canada & US) Scallops (farmed)
Seabass: White (US hook & line) Shrimp: Pink (OR)
Tilapia (Ecuador & US)
Trout: Rainbow (US farmed)
Tuna: Albacore/White canned

(Canada & US troll, pole) Tuna: Skipjack/Light canned

(US troll, pole)
Tuna: Yellowfin (US troll, pole)

GOOD ALTERNATIVES

Basa/Pangasius/Swai
Cod: Pacific (US trawl)
Crab: King (US)
Flounders, Soles (US Pacific) Halibut: California

Lingcod
Lobster: American
Mahi Mahi (US)
Pollock: Alaska (US)
Prawn: Spot (US wild) Sablefish/Black Cod (CA, OR & WA) Salmon (CA, OR & WA wild) Scallops (wild)
Shrimp (Canada & US wild)
Squid (US)
Swordfish (US)
Tilapia (China & Taiwan)
Tuna: Albacore/White canned

(US longline)
Tuna: Skipjack/Light canned (imported

troll, pole and US longline)
Tuna: Yellowfin (imported troll, pole

and US longline)

AVOID

Abalone (China & Japan)
Caviar, Sturgeon (imported wild) Cod: Pacific (Japan & Russia) Crab: Red King (Russia)
Halibut: California (gillnet) Lobster: Spiny (Brazil)
Mahi Mahi (imported)
Orange Roughy
Rockfish/Pacific Snapper

(AK bottom trawl)
Salmon: Atlantic (farmed) Sharks
Shrimp (imported)
Squid (imported)
Swordfish (imported)
Tuna: Albacore/White canned

(except Canada & US troll, pole

and US longline)
Tuna: Bluefin
Tuna: Skipjack/Light canned

(except troll, pole and US longline) Tuna: Yellowfin (except troll, pole

and US longline)

This guide has a limited number of seafood items due to its size. For a full list of our recommen- dations please visit us online

or download the app.

Check every column, your favorite seafood could be in more than one.

Best Choices

Well managed, caught or farmed in environmentally responsible ways.

Good Alternatives

Some concerns with how they are caught or farmed.

Avoid

Overfished, or strong concerns with how they are caught or farmed.

 

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2 thoughts on “Dirty Dozen/Clean 15/Seafood Watch

    • The Dirty Dozen are the 12 most highly sprayed/contaminated with pesticides and have high levels of pesticide residue. The Clean 15 are sprayed the least and have low or no pesticide residue.
      Pestisides disrupt endocrine system and function and hormone levels. If you cannot think well, think about going organic and removing pesticides.
      Organic means there is no pesticide or fertilizer used ever!

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